Wildland Fire Safety & Health Reporting Network

SAFENET Event Information
Create Agency Corrective Action

Event Start Date:
08/25/2016 1100
Event Stop Date:
Incident Name:
Henry's Creek Fire
Fire Number:
Local Unit:
Bonneville County, Idaho Falls District BLM
Incident Type:
Incident Activity:
Stage of Incident:
Extended Attack
Position Title:
Safety Officer 2 (SOF2) Divisions A, D, M, and D.  
Line Construction And Mop-Up 
Management Level:
Resources Involved:
Contributing Factors
Contributing Factors:
Human Factors, Other
Human Factors:
Decision Making, Leadership, Risk Assessment, Performance, Situational Awareness  
Other Factors:
Safety, Attitude, Double Standard 
Describe in detail what happened including the concern or potential issue, the environment (weather, terrain, fire behavior, etc), and the resulting health issue.
This is the second of three (3) SAFENETS on three separate fires in the Intermountain Region (USFS) on the issues of safety relating to leadership, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE); and the arrogance, persistent attitude, and Double Standard held by current and/or former Smoke Jumpers (SMJ's) performing in overhead positions. The overhead on this particular fire were Incident Commander, Division Supervisors, Task Force Leaders, and Smoke Jumpers (SMJ's).

The Henry's Creek Fire was a Type II incident, with several of the Operations personnel being SMJ's and/or former SMJ's. During most of seven (7) days on this fire, these SMJ's and SMJ overhead failed to comply with basic PPE standards and failed to set a good leadership example for the Resources they supervised.

The main issues were SMJ's and/or former SMJ's overhead with ball caps and NO hardhats, fire shirt sleeves rolled up, fire shirts unbuttoned halfway or more, fire shirts thread-bare and torn, and carrying tools over their shoulders on a fairly regular basis, while on the firelines.

The other Agency Crew leaders, wildland firefighters, Contractors, and Cooperators themselves were rarely a problem. A statement I heard often was, "We should be safe because Safety is here." One should be safe and follow safety protocols because it's the right thing to do and NOT because a Safety Officer is present.

These leadership and safety issues occurred everyday I was on the firelines. I politely and professionally mentioned to each of them numerous times on a daily basis about their leadership roles as supervisors, role models for younger firefighters, and to set a good example as leaders for their subordinates. Attitudes toward my compliance requests were mixed, with some being obstinate and repeatedly resisting, to others apologizing and readily and willingly accepting the corrections.

Those that had their shirt sleeves rolled up often revealed bright yellow in their lower sleeves once rolled down, indicating these had been rolled up for several months to several years. In other words, this was a regular and accepted habit that had been allowed to persist by these employees themselves and employees' supervisors, both on their respective home units and on this and previous fires.

After our first Division breakout, one of the DIVS told me that he thought they should be allowed to wear their fire shirt sleeves rolled up a couple rolls. I told him that was not going to be allowed.

On the IAP every day, in Division M, was listed "6 Smokejumpers" with a leaders name. However, these "6 SMJ's" were seemingly allowed to walk the firelines without any real duties and/or responsibilities.

During one shift on Division M,a Hot Shot Superintendent was walking the fireline and came upon one of the aforementioned SMJ's, WITHOUT A FIRE SHIRT ON, SUNNING HIMSELF. He verbally chastised him for continually taunting his Crew, walking by them, with their sleeves up and carrying their tools over their shoulders.

The HS Superintendent complained to the Division M (also a former SMJ) about the safety issue with the shirtless SMJ on the firelines sunning himself.
The other 5 SMJ's later 'sabotaged' the inside of the HS Supt. truck with numerous rolls of flagging.

During one shift late in the fire in Division A, W, D - I witnessed the Incident Commander driving his command vehicle miles in the black with two other passengers, ALL WEARING T-SHIRTS and NO fire shirts.

They drove past me and pulled over a mile or so down the road in a grove of tall aspen trees. As I pulled up, the IC, putting on his fire shirt, commented "we knew you saw us drive by without fire shirts on and figured you would come after us." I told him that they were now under a grove of trees without a hardhat on. The IC commented: "It's in the back of my truck."

I told him I would wait. He continued talking and laughing while putting his fire shirt on without getting his hardhat, commenting that it was in the back of his truck. I commented that it would appear I was showing favoritism if firefighters were to drive by and see him there, on the fireline, underneath trees without wearing a hardhat.

These are clearly leadership and attitude issues. Some of these even fall into the Hazardous Attitudes realm enumerated on page xi, in the IRPG, namely "Invulnerable - That can't happen to me" and "Anti-authority - Disregard of the team effort."

On leadership, the Red Book is very clear: "The MOST ESSENTIAL element for success in the wildland fire service is GOOD LEADERSHIP. ... The hallmarks of Forest Service leadership are ACTION, ATTITUDE, and ACCOUNTABILITY." (EMPHASIS ADDED) These leadership hallmarks were NOT complied with in the instances listed above.

Concerning hardhats, the Red Book states: "Head Protection - Personnel must be equipped with hardhats AND WEAR THEM AT ALL TIMES WHILE IN THE FIRE AREA." (EMPHASIS ADDED) The SMJ's and/or former SMJ's Overhead were 'equipped with hardhats,' but wore ball caps on the firelines unless they were reminded to wear hardhats - sometimes several times each shift.

Regarding fire shirts, the Red Book states: "REQUIRED PPE - National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1977 compliant LONG-SLEEVED flame resistant shirt." (EMPHASIS ADDED)

The assumption here is that the 'required' standard is for the fire shirts to remain LONG-SLEEVED, without them being rolled up.

What is basically occurring is the Normalization of Deviance when we allow these Bad Decisions With Good Outcomes, especially when they are allowed and exhibited by supervisors and fireline overhead.

We hear a lot of talk these days about changing the 'Fire Culture' and working toward a safer wildland fire attitude with safer outcomes. However, what I see occurring on the firelines by SMJ's and/or former SMJ's overhead exhibiting their double standards and unsafe attitudes on these three fires, I am less than hopeful. There is a very long way to go to achieve these necessary and significant goals with the attitude that prevailed on these fires.
Immediate Action Taken
Reporting Individual : please describe actions you took to correct or mitigate the unsafe/unhealthful event.
Notified my supervisor (IMT Safety Officer).

Continual reminders to SMJ's and/or former SMJ's overhead be good leaders setting good examples, especially related to wearing PPE properly and in good condition.

Thanking those leaders for doing their jobs as supervisors regarding PPE.

Thanking those that were in compliance for wearing their PPE and wearing it properly and in good condition.

The IC and DIVS M (former SMJ's) talked with the offending 6 SMJ's Base Manager and explained what they had done. Their SMJ Base Manager required the 6 SMJ's to write individual Letters of Apology to the HS Superintendent.

Filing individual SAFENETS for each of the three fires.

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